Gum Surgery

January 22, 2015 |

Dental Treatments

Gum Surgery in Aurora & Parker, Colorado

There are a number of different ways in which an individual can develop gum conditions like gingivitis and periodontitis. While plaque build up is generally identified as the leading cause of gum disease, hormonal changes in the body, certain illnesses and poor oral hygiene habits can also contribute to the development of gum disease. Fortunately, periodontists and cosmetic dentists have developed a number of treatments and procedures that can be safely undertaken to combat conditions like gingivitis and periodontitis. Non-surgical treatments include dental cleaning, scaling and root planing. In cases where the condition is severe, a cosmetic dentist will recommend surgical treatment.

Surgical Treatments

Gum Flap Surgery or Pocket Reduction Surgery

A condition like periodontitis, if left untreated, will cause the inner layer of gums and bone to begin to pull away from the teeth present on the surface of the gums. When this takes place, there are a number of gaps and pockets created between the gums and the teeth. Flap surgery/ pocket reduction surgery can be undertaken to remove the plaque or tarter that has built up within these pockets and shift gums upwards and closer to the teeth. When the bone under the teeth begins to disintegrate, this creates a possibility for bacteria to build up in these empty spaces. This procedure will look to shape damaged bone below the teeth such that bacteria can no longer collect here.

Bone grafts

In serious cases of periodontitis, simply shaping damaged bone and shifting gums may not be adequate. Bone grafting is procedure that involves uses synthetic or donated bone to replace bone that has become damaged by plaque and bacteria build up. Bone grafts are used not only to reduce the gaps and pockets created from bone erosion but also to instigate bone regrowth. As the bones within gums begin to heal and grow, the teeth on the surface regain the stability that they originally had.

Soft Tissue Grafts

Soft tissue grafting is a procedure that is used to increase the thickness of the gums thereby reducing the pockets and gaps created by a gum disease like periodontitis. The treatment will typically involve removing soft tissue from the roof of the mouth to be repositioned in areas of damaged gums and then stitched.

Guided Tissue Regeneration

This is one of the most comprehensive surgical dental treatments as it involves treating both the gums and the bone. When bone underneath the teeth has been irreparably destroyed, a cosmetic dentist may insert a fabric resembling a mesh between gum tissue and damaged bone. The purpose of this fabric is to disallow the gum tissue from growing into areas that were previously occupied by bone. This procedure is often undertaken in conjunction with flap surgery. Over time, both the bone and gum tissue will grow and begin to support the teeth more effectively.

Bone Surgery

Bone surgery involves a process whereby the bone that lies underneath the teeth is reshaped in order to remove craters. Craters provide the perfect opportunity for bacteria and debris to collect and damage the gums. Removing these craters not only allows bone to grow in more regular shapes, but also limits the amount of bacteria that is able to collect between the gums and bone. This procedure should be undertaken along with flap surgery for optimum results.